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  • Know About the Causes and Treatments of Hypertension

Know About the Causes and Treatments of Hypertension


What is hypertension? Well, it is simply another name for high blood pressure that can increase the risk of stroke, heart-related diseases, and sometimes death. Let us first tell you what blood pressure is for those who are wondering about this critical condition. It is the force that the blood exerts against the walls of the blood vessels. This pressure depends on how hard the heart has to work and how the resistance of the blood vessels is.

Fact Time – Almost half of the adults in the United States have hypertension, but many people are not aware of it!

So, keeping the blood pressure levels within a normal range and in control is the very first step in avoiding the risk of serious health conditions and diseases. Now, let’s check out the causes of hypertension to identify your cause if your high blood pressure level is concerning.


Doctor checking blood pressure of a patient


What Causes Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)?

In many cases, the cause of hypertension is unknown and is usually a result of an underlying condition. In medical terms, if the cause is known and is not because of an underlying condition, it is called essential or primary hypertension. If an underlying condition is a reason behind high blood pressure, then it is called secondary hypertension.

Primary Hypertension Causes –

  • Environmental or surrounding factors such as stress, unhealthy lifestyle choices, lack of physical activities, and bad diet.

  • Genetically inherited from the parents.

  • Physical changes in the body due to increasing age.

  • Changes in hormone activity due to some medications.

Secondary Hypertension Causes –

  • Kidney disease

  • Diabetes

  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

  • Obesity

  • Pregnancy

  • Cushing syndrome

  • Pheochromocytoma (Adrenal gland cancer)

  • Sleep apnea

  • Problems with thyroid

  • Use of drugs and alcohol abuse

Treatment Options for Hypertension

Once your doctor identifies the type of hypertension, then they will work on the treatment as it is different for primary and secondary hypertension.

Primary Hypertension Treatment: The first line of the treatment here includes lifestyle changes such as regular physical exercise, diet improvement, and stress management. If these things are not working out, your doctor might suggest some generic high blood pressure drugs as the medication will help you get the blood pressure level in control. But, don’t simply rely on medications and try to manage hypertension with your lifestyle changes.

Secondary Hypertension Treatment: Once your doctor identifies the underlying condition responsible for hypertension, the treatment will focus on that condition. Changes in medications for the underlying condition and experimenting with new medicines will be mainline of treatment here. Despite the treatment of this condition, if the blood pressure levels are not in control, the doctor might suggest lifestyle changes and prescribe medicines to reduce blood pressure.

That’s all about hypertension causes and its treatments. The best way to ensure your safety is by regularly monitoring the blood pressure levels and keeping a log of it, and consulting a doctor if the blood pressure is constantly high even after lifestyle changes and medications. Once the doctor goes through the log and changes your dosage or medications, you can easily buy hypertension drugs online at reasonable prices.

Stay healthy! Have a great day!


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